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Early Care
Farbvererbung beim Neufundländer

Basic Care (Feeding, Shelter, Training)

The first year is the most important for your dog. If you make mistakes
during this time, it is very difficult to correct.

It is not easy to raise a Newfoundland puppy.  All big and fast growing
dogs tend to have problems in their joints and limbs.  Their joints and
bones are still soft. A way to avoid these problems are through 
nutrition and proper exercise. When you first get your puppy, you should not take him for long walks, smaller daily walks from fifteen to twenty minutes are sufficient. During this time, the puppy can interact and play a little bit with other dogs. He will know when to stop.  In the first year, do not take the puppy on runs beside a bicycle. It is important not to let the
puppy walk or run up and down stairs. For as long as possible, the puppy
should be carried until he becomes too heavy. Then, you take him by 
leash slowly up and down the stairs. Do not let the puppy play with sticks or run after balls, the sudden stopping is not good for the joints.
Considering, puppies with an average birth weight of approximately 600
grams can grow to weigh as much as 50 kilograms in the first year. 
Before the puppy has all of his vaccinations, he should not come into contact with other dogs.

In addition to proper feeding and care, the integration into his 
family is very important. The puppy must find his place in the new pack - this is his new family. It is very important that you have sufficient time for him as he is away from the litter. The puppy will want to play and needs suitable toys and human interaction. You must play with him while 
teaching him basic commands. You must familiarize him with his daily life. For example, daily walks, riding in a car, a walk in the city, or even a 
visit to a public place. He should be very well trained and socialized so you
can take him everywhere.

What does the puppy need in his new home?

The puppy will need a collar and a leash. In the beginning, buy a collar
which you can enlarge. A 1 cm broad leather collar or a braided collar 
and line are sufficient for the first months. Later you need a solid broader
collar. The puppy needs two bowls, one for water and one for food. The
bowls should not be plastic. Bowls from high-grade steel or ceramics are
suitable. Dog toys should be purchased in specialized pet shops - have 
fun with the toys you chose. Don't give him shoes. The puppy will think all
shoes are toys. Tennis balls are not suitable toys, the inside is
poisonous and the  constant chewing is bad for his teeth.

Blankets are available at pet shops. Here, "vet-beds" are recommended. 
The puppy can lie softly. These blankets wick moisture to help the dog stay dry. You can wash the blanket in the washing machine.

Comb and brush are essential. And later, a special pair of scissors.

A basic set of grooming tools include:
Nail clippers, slicker brush, medium tooth comb, rake, thinning shears 
blunt scissors. 


The choice of a suitable veterinary is important.

A garden, which is surely enclosed, should be present. A vegetable garden should be enclosed again, specially also garden ponds or pools. The puppy will always go into the water and you will have the dirt in your house. If the puppy is falling in the pool it will have no possibility to come out.

If you want to secure certain appartment ranges you can use child grilles.

The diet is very important. Every serious breeder will give you a diet plan and also the food for the first days. You should follow the recommendation of the breeder. Yo can feed a dry food of a high quality if you have no time to prepare the food. For me it is important that you don’t feed puppy food after the puppy is 4 months old. Then you should give a food for adult big dogs.

The puppy gets 3 meals until he is six month old, thereafter only two. It is important that he becomes not too fat. The ribs should always to be felt.

The bowls should be fixated so that the puppy cannot push them away. The bowls should not stand heightened because of the risk of a bloat.

A possible diet plan for a 10 weeks old puppy

The quantity must be increased slowly. The puppy should not put on more than 1 to 1.5 kilograms per week.


1 yogurt (thick milk or quark) with approximately 80 g over night soaked wholemeal oat flakes. You can add a teaspoon with honey and rubbed apple or crushed banana and wheat bran. (Sour milk products are usually better than fresh milk, those because of the high lactose content)


100 g dry food (soaked some minutes in water)


about 100 g dry food


100 g meat, potatoes or noodles or rice, a pinch of sea-alga flour, a teaspoon brewers yeast, a pinch of mineral food, a pinch of Calcium, herbs and pureed fresh vegetables (The relationship meat to vegetable and/or flakes or rice should about 1:1,) a teaspoon oil


The same like at noon.

Sometimes you can give a thick meat bone or dried rumen or dried fish.

You can feed chicken or turkey necks (raw chicken bones don’t splinter).

Still some tips

Feed beef, lamb and poultry - feed fish and pig only cooked

Quark, yogurt, ripe cheese and eggs (with the milled peel) contain also much protein. – Instaed to rice and noodles or cooked potatoes can be given vegetable flakes to the meat, in addition pureed or cooked carrots,spinach, brocoli, Sauerkraut or other vegetables (everything roughly pureed in the mixer )

To evaluate the vitamins give a teaspoon of sunflower oil, (linseed oil, fishoil)- The dogs like fresh rumen.- Don’t feed the same food for years. The diet should be varied.- This is surely healthier than for many years the same dry food.-

Regard your dog slim.The food should be taken away from the puppy at the latest after 10 minutes.